< >


The Renderer object was extracted from the View rendering process, in order
to create a consistent and re-usable method of rendering a template with or
without data.

Documentation Index

Basic Usage

The basic usage of the Renderer is to call the render method. This method
returns a string containing the result of applying the Underscore template
using the data object as the context.

var Mn = require('backbone.marionette');
var template = '#some-template';
var data = {foo: 'bar'};
var html = Mn.Renderer.render(template, data);

// do something with the HTML here

If you pass a template that coerces to a falsy value -
but not false - the render
method will throw an exception stating that there was no template provided.

Pre-compiled Templates

If the template parameter of the render function is itself a function,
the renderer treats this as a pre-compiled template and does not try to
compile it again. This allows any view that supports a template parameter
to specify a pre-compiled template function as the template setting.

var Mn = require('backbone.marionette');
var myTemplate = _.template('<div>foo</div>');

  template: myTemplate

The template function does not have to be any specific template engine. It
only needs to be a function that returns valid HTML as a string from the
data parameter passed to the function.

Custom Template Selection And Rendering

By default, the renderer will take a jQuery selector object as the first
parameter, and a JSON data object as the optional second parameter, and View
object or CompositeView object as the optional third parameter. It then uses
the TemplateCache to load the template by the specified selector, and renders
the template with the data provided (if any) using underscore templates.

If you wish to override the way the template is loaded, see the TemplateCache

If you wish to override the template engine used, change the render method to
work however you want:

var Mn = require('backbone.marionette');

Mn.Renderer.render = function(template, data, view){
  template += view.getState();
  return $(template).tmpl(data);

This implementation will replace the default underscore rendering with jQuery
templates rendering.

If you override the render method and wish to use the TemplateCache
mechanism, remember to include the code necessary to fetch the template from the
cache in your render method:

var Mn = require('backbone.marionette');

Mn.Renderer.render = function(template, data){
  var template = Mn.TemplateCache.get(template);
  // Do something with the template here

See the Documentation for TemplateCache for
more detailed information.

Using Pre-compiled Templates

You can easily replace the standard template rendering functionality with a
pre-compiled template, such as those provided by the JST or TPL plugins for

To do this, just override the render method to return your executed template
with the data.

var Mn = require('backbone.marionette');

Mn.Renderer.render = function(template, data) {
  return template(data);

Then you can specify the pre-compiled template function as your view's
template attribute:

var Mn = require('backbone.marionette');
var myPrecompiledTemplate = _.template('<div>some template</div>');

  template: myPrecompiledTemplate

Live example

For more information on templates in general, see the
Documentation for templates.

Improve this page